Sozdar – zij die haar belofte houdt -

Sozdar – zij die haar belofte houdt – NEDERLANDS ondertiteld from A. Wietsma on Vimeo.

Als twaalfjarig Koerdisch meisje weigerde ze uitgehuwelijkt te worden. Dertig jaar later strijdt Nuriye Kesbir nog steeds, maar nu als gezocht leider van een guerrillabeweging. Deze film schetst een openhartig beeld van de achtergronden en drijfveren van een van de leiders van de Koerdische verzetsbeweging PKK. Documentairemaker Wietsma volgde Kesbir (strijdnaam ‘Sozdar’ oftewel degene die een belofte houdt) tijdens haar wonderbaarlijke tocht, beginnend in een Nederlandse gevangenis en eindigend in de guerrillakampen in de zwaarbevochten bergen van Noord-Irak.

Warren Buffet investeert 280 miljoen dollar in windparken

MidAmerican Energy investeert $ 280 mln in windparken in Iowa, de Verenigde Staten. Dit bedrag komt bovenop eerder gedane investeringen in hernieuwbare energie van $ 15 mrd dollar.

Het energiebedrijf, dat onderdeel is van Berkshire Hathaway, eigendom van topinvesteerder Warren Buffett, is van plan om een nieuw project te ontwikkelen en een reeds bestaand project uit te breiden. De rotorbladen van de 67 windturbines worden gebouwd in een fabriek van Siemens AG, gevestigd in Iowa.

MidAmerican koopt al jaren grote wind- en zonneprojecten. Dat toont aan dat de intenties van Buffett voor hernieuwbare energie serieus zijn. Afgelopen zomer, na de eerste investering van $15 miljard dollar, gaf hij aan dat wat hem betreft dit bedrag wordt verdubbeld. Buffet is van mening dat de Verenigde Staten zich in een transitie van fossiele energie naar duurzame energie bevindt: “Dit is waar het land naartoe gaat.”

In totaal heeft MidAmerican eind 2015 ongeveer 3,5 gigawatt aan windcapaciteit ontwikkeld in Iowa, genoeg om meer dan een miljoen huishouden van stroom te voorzien. Dit lijkt op basis van Buffets eerdere uitspraken de komende jaren verder toe te nemen.

Bron: CleanTechnica | Foto: HomeServices of America via Youtube

Hilton Worldwide heeft aanzienlijke vooruitgang geboekt in zijn duurzame doelstellingen

Hilton Worldwide heeft aanzienlijke vooruitgang geboekt in zijn duurzame doelstellingen. Dat blijkt uit het duurzaamheidsverslag van de hotelketen.

Uit het verslag blijkt dat de afgelopen vijf jaar de afvalproductie met bijna 27 procent is afgenomen. Het energieverbruik is ruim 13 procent verminderd. Daarnaast zijn de CO2-uitstoot en het waterverbruik afgenomen met respectievelijk 20 en 13 procent.

Voor de uitvoering van de doelstellingen in de corporate responsibility strategie heeft Hilton het LightStay-systeem ontwikkeld. Het systeem is bedoeld voor het meten, analyseren en rapporteren van data over de verduurzaming binnen de onderneming. LightStay bleek een succesvolle aanpak. In 2010 bespaarde de hotelketen ruim $ 74 mln.

Daarnaast behaalde Hilton Worldwide de ISO 50001-certificering voor energiemanagementsysteem voor het gehele portfolio. De internationale certificering voorziet bedrijven in managementstrategieën om kosten te besparen, energieprestaties te verbeteren en energie-efficiëntie te verhogen.

Bron: sustainablebrands.com, TÜV Nederland | Foto: Nathan Rupert, via Flickr

KLM moet zelfstandig verder, einde samenwerking Air France !

Heb altijd gekozen voor goed bekend staan de luchtvaart maatschappijen, geen prijsvechters , want dat ze zo goedkoop zijn gaat ergens ten koste van en ik ben altijd bang dat dat we eens onderhoud of kundige vliegers kunnen zijn waar op beknibbelt wordt. We gaan allemaal een keer dood maar liever niet door een te goedkoop vliegticket bij een vage Griekse maatschappij die ineens voor de helft kan vliegen. Ieder weldenkend mens weet dat er dan iets niet klopt.
KLM krijgt verliezen Air FRance op haar bord terwijl ze zelf redelijk draait, kan altijd beter. Dit kan echt niet, zo’n samenwerking is juist niet goed, dus tabe Air FRance !

The Irish Slave Trade – The Forgotten “White” Slaves

The Irish Slave Trade – The Forgotten “White” Slaves

The Slaves That Time Forgot

By John Martin

Global Research, January 27, 2013

Oped News and Global Research 14 April 2008

The Irish Slave Trade – The Forgotten “White” Slaves

They came as slaves; vast human cargo transported on tall British ships bound for the Americas. They were shipped by the hundreds of thousands and included men, women, and even the youngest of children.

Whenever they rebelled or even disobeyed an order, they were punished in the harshest ways. Slave owners would hang their human property by their hands and set their hands or feet on fire as one form of punishment. They were burned alive and had their heads placed on pikes in the marketplace as a warning to other captives.

We don’t really need to go through all of the gory details, do we? We know all too well the atrocities of the African slave trade.

But, are we talking about African slavery? King James II and Charles I also led a continued effort to enslave the Irish. Britain’s famed Oliver Cromwell furthered this practice of dehumanizing one’s next door neighbor.

The Irish slave trade began when James II sold 30,000 Irish prisoners as slaves to the New World. His Proclamation of 1625 required Irish political prisoners be sent overseas and sold to English settlers in the West Indies. By the mid 1600s, the Irish were the main slaves sold to Antigua and Montserrat. At that time, 70% of the total population of Montserrat were Irish slaves.

Ireland quickly became the biggest source of human livestock for English merchants. The majority of the early slaves to the New World were actually white.

From 1641 to 1652, over 500,000 Irish were killed by the English and another 300,000 were sold as slaves. Ireland’s population fell from about 1,500,000 to 600,000 in one single decade. Families were ripped apart as the British did not allow Irish dads to take their wives and children with them across the Atlantic. This led to a helpless population of homeless women and children. Britain’s solution was to auction them off as well.

During the 1650s, over 100,000 Irish children between the ages of 10 and 14 were taken from their parents and sold as slaves in the West Indies, Virginia and New England. In this decade, 52,000 Irish (mostly women and children) were sold to Barbados and Virginia. Another 30,000 Irish men and women were also transported and sold to the highest bidder. In 1656, Cromwell ordered that 2000 Irish children be taken to Jamaica and sold as slaves to English settlers.

Many people today will avoid calling the Irish slaves what they truly were: Slaves. They’ll come up with terms like “Indentured Servants” to describe what occurred to the Irish. However, in most cases from the 17th and 18th centuries, Irish slaves were nothing more than human cattle.

As an example, the African slave trade was just beginning during this same period. It is well recorded that African slaves, not tainted with the stain of the hated Catholic theology and more expensive to purchase, were often treated far better than their Irish counterparts.

African slaves were very expensive during the late 1600s (50 Sterling). Irish slaves came cheap (no more than 5 Sterling). If a planter whipped or branded or beat an Irish slave to death, it was never a crime. A death was a monetary setback, but far cheaper than killing a more expensive African. The English masters quickly began breeding the Irish women for both their own personal pleasure and for greater profit. Children of slaves were themselves slaves, which increased the size of the master’s free workforce. Even if an Irish woman somehow obtained her freedom, her kids would remain slaves of her master. Thus, Irish moms, even with this new found emancipation, would seldom abandon their kids and would remain in servitude.

In time, the English thought of a better way to use these women (in many cases, girls as young as 12) to increase their market share: The settlers began to breed Irish women and girls with African men to produce slaves with a distinct complexion. These new “mulatto” slaves brought a higher price than Irish livestock and, likewise, enabled the settlers to save money rather than purchase new African slaves. This practice of interbreeding Irish females with African men went on for several decades and was so widespread that, in 1681, legislation was passed “forbidding the practice of mating Irish slave women to African slave men for the purpose of producing slaves for sale.” In short, it was stopped only because it interfered with the profits of a large slave transport company.

England continued to ship tens of thousands of Irish slaves for more than a century. Records state that, after the 1798 Irish Rebellion, thousands of Irish slaves were sold to both America and Australia. There were horrible abuses of both African and Irish captives. One British ship even dumped 1,302 slaves into the Atlantic Ocean so that the crew would have plenty of food to eat.

There is little question that the Irish experienced the horrors of slavery as much (if not more in the 17th Century) as the Africans did. There is, also, very little question that those brown, tanned faces you witness in your travels to the West Indies are very likely a combination of African and Irish ancestry. In 1839, Britain finally decided on it’s own to end it’s participation in Satan’s highway to hell and stopped transporting slaves. While their decision did not stop pirates from doing what they desired, the new law slowly concluded THIS chapter of nightmarish Irish misery.

But, if anyone, black or white, believes that slavery was only an African experience, then they’ve got it completely wrong.

Irish slavery is a subject worth remembering, not erasing from our memories.

But, where are our public (and PRIVATE) schools???? Where are the history books? Why is it so seldom discussed?

Do the memories of hundreds of thousands of Irish victims merit more than a mention from an unknown writer?

Or is their story to be one that their English pirates intended: To (unlike the African book) have the Irish story utterly and completely disappear as if it never happened.

None of the Irish victims ever made it back to their homeland to describe their ordeal. These are the lost slaves; the ones that time and biased history books conveniently forgot.

http://www.globalresearch.ca/the-irish-slave-trade-the-forgotten-white-slaves/31076